Monitoring Servers with Munin

This is a draft on configuring Munin to monitor services on a Linux machine, still dirty but published for my reference, if you have question let me know.

Monitoring Servers

sudo apt-get install munin

sudo htpasswd -c /etc/munin/htpasswd rayed

vi vi /etc/munin/munin-conf.d/example_com_site
    use_node_name yes

sudo vi vi /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
server {
location /munin/static/ {
        alias /etc/munin/static/;
        expires modified +1w;

location /munin/ {
        auth_basic            "Restricted";
        auth_basic_user_file  /etc/munin/htpasswd;

        alias /var/cache/munin/www/;
        expires modified +310s;

Monitored Servers

sudo apt-get install munin-node
sudo apt-get install munin-plugins-extra

sudo vi /etc/munin/munin-node.conf
allow ^172\.18\.100\.100$   # monitoring server address


munin-node-configure is really useful command you can use it install all the plugins you need, when you run it will try to test if a plugin can be used or not (–suggest argument), and even give the commands needed to link the plugin automatically (–shell argument)

sudo munin-node-configure --suggest
sudo munin-node-configure --shell

MySQL plugin

sudo apt-get install libcache-perl libcache-cache-perl

sudo munin-node-configure --suggest --shell | sh

sudo munin-run mysql_commands 

sudo service munin-node restart

Memcached plugin

sudo aptitude install libcache-memcached-perl

sudo ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/memcached_ /etc/munin/plugins/memcached_bytes
sudo ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/memcached_ /etc/munin/plugins/memcached_counters
sudo ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/memcached_ /etc/munin/plugins/memcached_rates

sudo munin-run memcached_counters 

sudo service munin-node restart

Nginx Web Server

Configure Nginx to repoer its status under the URL http://localhost/nginx_status, which will be read from Munin Nginx plugin:

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
server {
        # STATUS
        location /nginx_status {
                stub_status on;
                access_log off;
                allow ::1;
                allow my_ip;
                deny all;

sudo service nginx restart

Configure Munin:

sudo apt-get install libwww-perl

sudo ln -s '/usr/share/munin/plugins/nginx_request' '/etc/munin/plugins/nginx_request'
sudo ln -s '/usr/share/munin/plugins/nginx_status' '/etc/munin/plugins/nginx_status'

sudo munin-run nginx_request

sudo service munin-node restart


It is better to use munin-node-configure to configure and install postgres plugin, because it will detect installed databases and configure a graph for each.

sudo apt-get install libdbd-pg-perl
sudo munin-node-configure --suggest
sudo sh -c  'munin-node-configure --shell | grep postgres | sh '
sudo service munin-node restart

MySQL Founder Starts Open Database Alliance, Plans Refactoring

Monty Widenius, the ‘father’ of MySQL, has created the the Open Database Alliance, with the aim of becoming the industry hub for the MySQL open source database. He wants to unify all MySQL-related development and services, providing a potential solution to the fragmentation and uncertainty facing the communities, businesses and technical experts involved with MySQL, following the news of the Oracle acquisition of Sun.

Via: Slashdot

Change PHPMyAdmin to view Arabic on English interface

I love phpmyadmin, it is a web interface for MySQL DB server, I usually use the English interface, but the problem with English interface that it doesn’t show Arabic string, of course you can change the whole interface to Arabic, but I don’t understand anything from that interface.

So I played with PHPMyAdmin code so I can use English interface but using Arabic character set, here is how to do it:

# vi lang/
... change: $charset = 'iso-8859-1';
... to: $charset = 'windows-1256';

UPDATE: PHPMyAdmin can show Arabic fine without problem even with English interface, if you have problem with Arabic it is a misconfiguration in your database, check this post for the proper way to handle Arabic in MySQL: MySQL: fixing errors of the past